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10 Simple Steps to Teach a Child to Read

One of the most fulfilling experiences you can have is teaching your child to read. From pre-readers to school-age kids, here are 10 suggestions for teaching a kid to read!

When Do Children Learn to Read?

As a first grade teacher, teaching children to read is one of my biggest passions! And because most kids don’t really start “reading” until they’re 6 years old (which is the top goal for my blog), I don’t want parents to feel like their child is that old. 3 should start reading (which, By the way, they don’t!). However, the information shared below is general information that is useful for children of all ages, whether your child is ready to read or not. Don’t do all of these steps at once, or expect your child to be able to do everything at once. Learning to read is a process and the information below is just for you to implement when you think your child is ready.

Once your child is ready to start reading, it will be important to find a structured and clear method that teaches phonics and phonics awareness. What is important. Learning to read is like cracking a cipher (and contrary to what the title of this article suggests, it’s not easy). Every child should learn the code or it makes sense to teach it more clearly than to rely on children figuring it out on their own. Please also note that although the suggestions below are listed as “steps”, they are in no particular order, or in any order of importance. The information you will find here is only a guide to help you see how each part of the reading is appropriate for your reader. If your child has reached school age and you are looking for a program on how to teach a child to read, I recommend the school reading method. How to teach a child to read

Start With Yourself

Teaching your child to read is really a process that starts at a young age. No, I do not recommend programs that claim to teach your child to read using flashcards! What I encourage you to do is start reading with your newborn the day you welcome them home! Not only does regular reading time create a special time for both of you, but it instills a love of books in him. Enjoyment of reading is one of the strongest predictors of academic success in preschoolers. If children are taught from a young age to love reading, it is bound to limit their abilities at some point.

How much you read to your child is entirely up to you and your family, but I recommend reading at least 3-4 books per day, even if your child is young. As he gets older and can sit still for long periods of time, make it a family goal to read together for at least 20 minutes a day.
Here are some recommended books to read to your child. Maybe read anything your child does and enjoys!

Learning at 1 year: lullabies, hardback books (with good pictures), cloth books (different textures), music books.
One year to three years: music book, song book, story book
Ages 3 to 5: alphabet books, music books, picture books, rhyme books

Ask Questions

Asking your child questions while reading is not only great for encouraging your child to interact with the book. But it is also very effective in developing their reading comprehension skills. You see, if our main goal in “reading” is to get our child to “speak” words, we are completely lost. Even children who can decode words and “read” well may not be able to understand what they read. If a child cannot understand what he is reading, there is really no point in reading!

Read article: Ministers of Education Nick Gibb and Robert Halfon Are Back.

When your child is an infant, ask questions like “Do you see a cat?” pointing to a picture of a cat. This will not only build their vocabulary, but will also encourage them to interact with the books they are reading. As he gets older, ask him to point to the things in the book himself and make the noises of the animals he sees.

Once your child is about 2 or 3 years old, start asking questions before, during, and after reading the book. Show your child the cover of the book and ask him what he thinks the story will be about (predict). As you read, ask him what he thinks will happen in the story or why he thinks a character made a certain choice (representation).

If the character represents a strong emotion. Identify that emotion and ask your child if they have ever felt it (link). At the end of the book, ask if the prediction(s) has come true. Then ask him to tell you what he remembers about what happened in the book (summary).

Adapting any of these strategies while reading aloud to match your child’s developmental level is a great way to improve and increase reading comprehension!

Be a good example (read)

Even if your child loves books from an early age, their interest will quickly fade if they don’t see themselves being read to. If you are not an avid reader yourself, make an effort to let your children see you reading for at least a few minutes every day! Read magazines, cookbooks, magazines, your Bible… the choice is yours! And show your child that reading is something even adults should do. If you have a son, share this news with your husband. Boys need to see their dads reading, especially since it’s not something most young men tend to do.

As parents, we may sometimes wonder what our children need to do to be successful. But we often forget that children learn by example. Grab a book and relax… for your baby’s sake, of course!

Identifying Letters in the Natural Environment

Before our boys were born, we painted and hung large wooden letters that spelled out their names on the mantelpiece as room decorations. them. I never thought that these wooden letters would have such educational inspiration for Big Brother! At about 2.5 years of age, he started asking the questions above his name.

That’s right how he learned to say his name…he could say his brother’s name too because his letters were interesting too.

In technical terms, it is called “environmental damage” and includes everything that is printed around us – fast food labels, signs, road signs, clothing, newspapers, etc. Often, we want to force our children to learn the names of the alphabet at a certain age. We buy flash cards or DVDs and say that we are teaching our children their letters. We dig our 2 year old over and over again for minutes.

Don’t back out of this… let your child be a child and enjoy the “teaching time” as it grows! Children’s minds are like sponges and can memorize the alphabet of swimming, but this is not the best method that will produce the best results in the long run.

Your child will want to know the footprints he sees around him, and he will ask questions. This is your chance to start with a hand tool that has real meaning and meaning for your child. Don’t get me wrong and think that I don’t think learning the alphabet is important. It’s really important… but the way we teach them is even more! Always keep in mind that our goal is to raise a life-long learner who loves to read, not a child who has memorized a lot of nonsense.

Combine Multiple Areas of Development

Children learn best when multiple senses or areas of development are focused on. This is why hands-on learning produces a longer retention and more useful application. Once your child has shown an interest in letters and has begun to use natural parameters to identify these letters, begin to implement activities that include as many meanings as possible. Remember that learning the names of letters is not necessary to learn their sounds!

There is a plethora of ways to integrate multiple areas of development when it comes to supporting early literacy and numeracy skills. Making letters allows your child to learn the shapes of letters and their sound connections as they use their fine motor skills to go through the process of cutting, gluing and creating!

Playing games that involve fine motor skills (like throwing a bean bag and matching letters) is also a good way to add movement. Of course, every child loves music and children’s music! Keep track of your child’s strengths in areas of interest and activities around them!

Classify The Genre

Once your child is about 5 years old and can distinguish between real and imaginary, I would suggest starting to help your child understand different types of books during the time you read together. This may sound confusing, but it really isn’t. There are about 5 different types of children’s books that I encourage you to introduce to your young child. Of course, you can use the word “genre” rather than “genre” if it’s easier to remember.

Non-fiction (real stories or facts about animals, places, people, etc.)
Fantasy (pretend, can’t happen in real life due to magic, hearsay, etc.)
True Fiction (a fictional story, but it could technically happen in real life because the characters and situations are believable)
Alphabet book
music book

When children categorize books, they must first memorize the book and remember its details. Then, they will use that information to decide which category the book fits into. Eventually, your child will remember details from other books of the same type, making connections.

Focus on the Phonetics

“Phonemes” are the smallest sounds in the English language (click here for a complete list of phonemes). These sounds are consonants, short vowels, long vowels and digraphs. “Phonological awareness” involves learning these sounds and translating them into words. Digraphs are special sounds made up of different letters such as /th/, /sh/, /ch/, etc.
“Phonology” involves learning how to spell these sounds and the different rules that the English language follows. Learning the rules of phonics is an important tool that helps a child learn to decode and spell. I use literacy programs in my classroom like phonics awareness and phonics activities and love it! It made learning all the tricky languages ​​so much fun! The road now has a school style, which is amazing!


Keeping the code is often called “checking it”. Once your child knows the sound of each letter (which is taught in a real, practical setting), he is ready to start putting words together. Decoding is a process that requires strong phonological awareness and allows for split spelling, this process stores words as “sight words” in long-term memory. As children are exposed to words more often, they will become better at identifying the word automatically. Researchers say it takes between 1 and 4 exposure shifts before words are transferred to long-term memory for automatic retrieval.

Sometimes, this work is boring and can’t be cut, so it’s important to find creative ways to make it fun. When I teach first grade, I buy little fingers that my students can use to point to the letters as they code. It was a huge success and made the process so much fun!

Use literacy programs with clear direction and structure right through preschool and beyond.
Many of these skills are what I would consider “pre-literacy skills” that we as parents can work on during our childhood to make the process of reading easier for our children.

Once your child reaches grade school, make sure you use a curriculum rooted in the science of reading, along with clear and relevant lessons in phonics and phonics awareness. If your child attends school, ask to review the curriculum to ensure he is strong in those specific areas. Some children will learn the phonetic code more easily than others, as Nancy Young’s Reading Scale suggests, but all children benefit from early lessons based on the code.

Pandemic Still Affecting Uk Students’ Mental Health, Says Helpline

According to student-run Nightline, more people are seeking treatment for depression, suicide thoughts, and anxiety.

The scourge continues to damage the mental health of UK university students, experts warn, as figures show a growing number of people are seeking help from and peer support services for anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Nightline, which is made up of anonymous volunteers, said it saw a 51.4 per cent rise in calls in 2020-21, and that has risen since, with early data suggesting the number for 2021-22 is 30 per cent. higher, and more. 23% since the beginning of the academic year.

The helpline, which has been operating for more than 50 years, said there has been a significant increase in callers discussing anxiety and stress, reaching 10.9%. That number is up 17% since September, including an increase in calls from students worried about their finances. Advertising

Despite a slight decrease in calls from students attempting to kill themselves, Nightline saw an increase in the number expressing suicidal thoughts, which rose again this year, reaching 7.4% of calls.

Warning of Mental Health Problems Among ‘covid Generation’ Students

Jennifer Smith, policy officer for the charity Student Minds, said the “vast majority” of students had experienced “significant hardship in their lives”, losing key social, academic and personal relationships, which had led them to feel a sense of “sadness, loss”. , uncertainty and distrust”. “Students today have experienced changes in higher education that are different from their predecessors and may feel that they are not ready for university life,” he said, adding that the disease remains “very serious.” current challenges. for rare students, caregivers and health care professionals. class. .

Matt Jones, a PhD student at Loughborough University with depression, anxiety and autism, called Nightline six months ago because he felt “overwhelmed” by the flood of stressful world events and he is adjusting to social interaction after two years of reduced contact and isolation. “I sat down with my friends and we all said ‘the disease has destroyed us’. Suddenly we don’t know how to handle [normal life] again,” he said.

“Locking everyone up for a year has a huge impact on people’s ability to come together. If you look at new people, they lost 15 to 17 years, which is when you make a lot of progress – you will lose all those experiences. Andrew Garfield is Releasing Pressure to Have Kids Before 40: ‘it’s More About Accepting a Different Path’

Jones, who runs his university’s Nightline, believes that we live in a time that disturbs young people because social media makes them more connected to world events – for example , watching TikTok videos that transmit photos of soldiers who killed Ukrainians and videos of friends. . She said there is also pressure to be positive about everything, or put shame on social media. “There’s this feeling of ‘we’re sick of living through history’. We’re sick of living through big events, whether it’s Covid or the January riots or the war in Ukraine . If you talk to students, more than anything else, it’s ‘can we have a year where nothing happens? Can we have an age of purity and serenity? »

He added that many students calling Nightline is also a good sign. “Sometimes [my generation] may seem more important, but I don’t think that’s true, we understand very well what we need to do to help each other and to communicate our needs.”

Dominique Thompson, an NHS doctor and author of a book on student well-being, said many studies of students’ psychological well-being after the illness showed anxiety and loneliness. He said that anxiety and suicidal thoughts reflect the feeling of not having control over your life and your future – caused by bad disease, recession and the cost of living.

“There is still anxiety from uncertainty about the world they live in, whether it’s future opportunities, environmental concerns or political concerns, as well as everyday concerns about the cost of living , academic stress and friendships. We cannot underestimate the importance of all these issues for young people and their helplessness in the face of these great problems,” he said. 안전한카지노사이트

Rachel Sandby-Thomas of the Association of Heads of University Administration said universities are aware of the impact of the epidemic on students and are developing and promoting mental health support, including staff training and early detection of warning signs and collaboration with the NHS and specialist treatment. .

Don’t Refer to Us as Ghost Kids: Vulnerable Families That Fear Their Children Going Back to School

Families with children who have serious medical conditions believe their needs are not being met in the rush to get kids back in the classroom.

Vulnerable families who are afraid to send their children back to class have objected to the name ‘ghost children’, saying they are ‘ghosts’ instead.

School Week spoke to six families whose parents or siblings of students have medical conditions that mean catching Covid can be fatal. Their story reveals how a sudden change in government policy to get all children back to school – despite Covid still raging – has left families with high health concerns feeling their needs are not being met.

Some say they are being “encouraged” or feel they have no choice but to take their child out of school to study at home – or put them to deep sleep. New figures show 1.6 million children were absent last year, with Robert Halfon, former chairman of the education select committee, describing students who left school rolls as ‘ghost children’.

So who do you think you are? The book week explores…

“We are punishing the families who have suffered greatly”

Lizzy* is worried about sending her nine-year-old daughter back to school in September 2020 as the coronavirus outbreak begins to rise. If he gets the virus, he may be left without a mother. Lizzy was one of the 2.2 million people told to protect themselves during the first lockdown and classified as “vulnerable and in hospital”. He was diagnosed with blood cancer in 2019. After the first lockdown, Lizzy requested that nine-year-old Claire* 에볼루션게이밍 be homeschooled instead, a request that was approved by her school.

It was called a leave book. But after two months, the school forced Claire to return. Fast forward to January this year and the family seems to have no choice but to remove Claire from the school roll and transfer to the school. Lizzy said, “It’s unreasonable and cruel, I can’t understand how we got into this situation.” “We reward sick children who come to school and punish families who have suffered enough from their illness.”

Two sons Dr. Lee-Anne Kohli has been out of school since fall 2020 as her son Peter* suffers from heart arrhythmia and is listed as clinically vulnerable. It cost the family more than £5,000 on private lessons.

Read: Ministers of Education Nick Gibb and Robert Halfon Are Back.

He says the Harris Church of England Academy in Warwickshire recommended that Peter be removed from the school board or face fines. Lee-Anne took 15-year-old Peter off the list that month, telling the school it was “mainly on the advice of his paediatrician”.

A school spokesman said it had taken a “compassionate approach” to support students returning from long-term stays and had a legal duty to follow the government’s immigration policy. Spirited Away’s brand is ‘so cute’
Lana Collie-James, 16, has only attended school for a few weeks since September 2020 because her mother Anna is suffering from pulmonary hypersensitivity pneumonia, for which she has to take immunosuppressants.

Lana taught herself for her GCSEs and is doing another year at university to get them

“It’s a lot of pressure for both of us, it’s scary,” Anna said. “I think the issue is the children who are haunted by ghosts. They’re not ghosts. They know why most of these kids aren’t there and it can be fixed very quickly.

Stacy Langford has spent thousands of dollars paying for her daughter Olivia’s homework, as she says she was sent too 카지노사이트 little homework for the past two years at Midfield Primary School, Bromley, Kent. Zhoe, her youngest daughter, has tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect that affects her lungs.

“It’s the wrong situation to be in when we’re having the worst time of our lives,” he said. Lara Wong, the founder of Uncommon Family, said she was upset that schools were being given more priority than Covid, even though it continued to take a big toll. problems in the life and health of our members.

“Our children are not ‘ghosts’ but our families face the real risk of death; we see that this issue is very inconsistent.

The change in attendance puts schools in a difficult position

Executives have the power to issue licenses absent “extraordinary circumstances”. After a legal challenge in 2020, ministers said it could cover families who kept their children at home out of fear for their own health.

But that tone changed last year, when Nadhim Zahawi, who was the education secretary at the time, made stopping schooling one of his top priorities. His decision has caused a growing conflict between schools and vulnerable families, with no clear guidance on leaving those who were told last month to stay at home.

Read: New Korean dramas and K-dramas to watch in November: ‘The Rich One’, ‘The Fabulous’ and More

Tim Marston, headteacher of a school in Leicester, said: ‘During this pandemic we appreciated how parents managed symptoms and kept children out of school, but now it’s polar.

“It’s hard to get angry and tell them to change their expectations coming in 12 months.”

Anna said the family faced a ‘constant battle’ to get a job at Glenmoor and Winton Academies, part of the United Learning Trust in Dorset, and was fined £60 for not attending.

But a spokeswoman for the trust told Schools Week it was following government guidance “at all times”. Stacy says that in March Bromley Council went so far as to ‘ask me to take her [Olivia] out for an hour a day to get her on the record’.

A spokesman for the Springfield Partnership Trust, which runs Midfield, said it works “in partnership with the whole family, we involve a number of different agencies, including health professionals”. The council said it will intervene if there is a conflict between families and can “raise a situation that undermines some of the concerns that may prevent a child from attending”.

Schools ‘rushed to increase attendance’

Wong said that although schools and councils have been urged to increase attendance, some have quietly encouraged parents to remove children from school rolls. A survey of 225 families in the support group found that 56% were told to consider pulling their child from school. Eighteen percent did. Furnival Chambers human rights lawyer Mark McDonald represents six vulnerable families who are facing non-participation proceedings.

Two cases were unsuccessful and four are ongoing. He said: “What I love is the lack of compassion from the government, local authorities and the courts regarding these issues.”

Support groups and charities say more children are missing including those with prolonged Covid, as well as young people whose mental health has been damaged during the pandemic. Dan Rosenberg, an education lawyer at Simpson Millar, suggested that executives can use their vacation rights more effectively.

“The saddest thing will be all the people who fall out of the system and don’t want it. They can be kept on the list and in the system when the problem can be solved during the disease. »

But Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said “schools are well aware of the issues they face” and have worked “hard to implement a range of safeguards”.

Almost double the number of students who are absent regularly

Absence figures from the Ministry of Education show that 1.6 million students (23.5%) were absent regularly during the autumn and spring sessions of the previous school year. This is something that costs 10% of the class, or 7 days per minute. This figure compares to 13% in the fall of 2020. The latest data from the Arbor Management System, which was shared with School Week, shows the number of students missing half of their classes in high school has doubled to 3.73% from 1 .68% in 2019.

The study is based on 1,500 schools that have used its method. Meanwhile, the number of home-schooled children increased by about 34% in 2020-21, according to the Association of Directors of Children’s Services (ADCS) annual survey.

A separate Exeter University survey of nearly 300 parents found that the lack of support for students missing school led to 7% saying their children were not enrolled in school. Researcher Kerrie Lissack said parents wanted to be ‘heard and not blamed’ during absences, as opposed to ‘out of sight, out of mind’.

In the meantime, school support-educational charities receive referrals from schools to help students return to the classroom. Follow-up requests – such as meetings, phone calls or visits – have doubled in one year.

“We need a system to keep children safe in school”

The ministry’s current work to improve attendance includes advising pilots and other advisers to help councils improve their support. Rachel de Souza, a childcare worker, said the new dashboard came to life – which is now used by thousands of schools – will help “make the right steps”. He also needed a “special and flexible detector” to get to know his attendees better. National registration of school-going children is part of school fees, whose future is uncertain.

But vulnerable families in hospitals say these policies won’t help them. They promote some form of hybrid education, HEPA filters in every classroom, and long-term investments in air conditioning.

A government spokesman said that schools are “the best places for children to be and last year we gave them 386,000 monitors for CO2 and other parameters, to help improve the atmosphere, with clear recommendations. Schools should conduct risk assessments for all students and have “soft conversations with students and families about their needs… Leaving it out is bad.

Ministers of Education Nick Gibb and Robert Halfon Are Back.

It is understood the two will return to their old roles after new Prime Minister Rishi Sunak announced plans for a British Bachelor degree.

Former schools minister Nick Gibb and education select committee chairman Robert Halfon are returning to the department for education

Gibb was the education minister for the past decade before being sacked by Boris Johnson last year.

Halfon is also well known in the industry for serving as the Chair of the Academic Select Committee since 2017. He was the Minister of Arts for a year before that.

Both returned as ministers of state. Their work should be prepared in the coming days. Sexual Education Included

School Week understands that Gibb will be returning to school, with Halfon taking on short-term arts coverage, an area he has been an advocate for. DfE sources have said that current Schools Minister Jonathan Gullis and Arts Minister Andrea Jenkyns have resigned, but there has been no official confirmation.

No nominations have been made for the post of children’s minister, currently held by Kelly Tolhurst. It comes as new prime minister Rishi Sunak is reportedly planning education reforms, including a new ‘British Baccalaureate’, which will require children to study more subjects in post-16 education, as well as English and maths. 에볼루션게이밍

He will also announce plans for a network of prominent tech companies, the Times reported. However, there is little time to make such a change before the next election in 2024. Although Halfon has supported calls for a UK Baccalaureate, the proposal would not sit well with Gibb’s traditional education views. 카지노사이트 The appointments show a change in experience within the ministry, whose ministers under Liz Truss have little experience both as MPs and at executive level.

Gibb said he was “honoured to be asked by the Prime Minister to return to the DfE.” Hoping to help understand the Prime Minister’s ambitious plans for high standards in schools and world-class education.

Halfon also said that it is a privilege and “looks forward to working with his colleagues to implement the Prime Minister’s exciting education and skills program to ensure that every student can improve the level of education. “

Former Arts Minister Gillian Keegan was appointed Education Secretary yesterday. He said today that it was a ‘privilege… As a former teacher and former minister, I know that education is important to improve opportunities and help people build their lives. the life they want. A Dealer and Two Players Caught Cheating at Blackjack!

“By helping with child care and helping children in detention, improving school standards and giving young people and adults the skills they need to get great jobs.” “I look forward to joining our wonderful schools, schools, colleges, universities and all the staff who work in our department.”

It will now be necessary to appoint a new chairman of the education committee to replace Halfon.

Sexual Education Included

War. Massacre. Drugs. Violence. All students are exposed to many subjects, but sex is where many draw the line.

In the United States, a small number of middle schools and high schools – 18 and 43 percent respectively – teach material that covers the main topics in sex education as described by the CDC. Additionally, only 18 of the 50 US states require the information taught in sex education to be valid and healthy. Other states teach abstinence-only education, which simply teaches students to abstain from sex altogether. Students are not taught anything about sex, and this lack of education goes beyond the process of having sex. Contraception, reproductive health, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and domestic violence are topics neglected by schools without sex education. For students who identify as LGBTQ+, the psychological and physical risks can be even greater.


Chelsea Proulx, a public health researcher at the University of Pittsburgh, studies the impact of sex education on students’ mental health and well-being. In 2019, Proulx conducted a study looking at schools that offer LGBT-inclusive sexuality education programs and determining whether their students have better mental health outcomes.

Proulx’s model found that schools with LGBT-inclusive sexuality education programs experienced lower rates of depression and suicide among LGBTQ+ students and cisgender students, as well as lower rates of bullying and harassment. This research includes statistics that describe the density of same-sex couples in the area as a control value to reduce the effect of having a different environment or more participation outside the school.

In the study, more than twice as many LGBTQ+ students reported “long-term feelings of hopelessness or sadness” as their same-sex peers, and LGBTQ+ youth were five times more likely to attempt suicide. Additionally, LGBTQ+ students are more likely to report bullying, harassment, and feelings of insecurity in their school environment.

Although schools may have straight-sex or gay-sex associations (GSAs), only a small number of students attend these meetings. Students who may engage in homophobic or transphobic behavior are not part of these groups.

By including LGBTQ+ topics in the core curriculum, all students are exposed to these issues and can gain awareness and understanding of the diversity of gender relations and expressions around the world. “[Inclusive sexuality education] uses open and tolerant language, and more inclusive explanations.”

If there is so much data to back up these claims and positive results, why aren’t more schools adopting an inclusive curriculum?

Think about the children

Most people know the law as Florida HB 1557, which is called the “Don’t Say Gay” bill. The law prohibits any discussion of sexuality or gender identity in preschool through third grade, or “in a way that is not appropriate for age or maturity”.

Supporters of the bills argue that they protect students from sexual harassment and bullying by teachers, and question why young children need to discuss sex in the first place. .

Discussions of LGBT topics go beyond sexuality, and sexuality education covers much more than sexuality itself. So what does LGBT inclusive sexuality education look like?

“It uses open and responsive language, and more details are included,” Proulx said. This may mean using anatomical terms instead of gender, or having neutral discussions about pregnancy. Many primary schools already offer sex education by teaching students about menstruation and their changing bodies, and many sex education programs build on topics that are developmentally appropriate for one year. “Kids this age are too old to understand what relationships are,” Proulx said.

Today, sex education can be as simple as teaching boys about the rules as well as girls, teaching all students about different body types, and including couples who have sex in relationship discussions. As children progress in their education, so do activities that are considered “developmentally appropriate”.

Sex education in high school can include lessons about how pregnancy and childbirth work, birth control methods, and STI prevention. It may also cover important information about how students can screen themselves for breast cancer and testicular cancer.

“When we get to high school, I think about talking about how unsafe sex is as young gay people… [it also benefits] young people who are sexually active,” Proulx explained.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a drug that can be taken by people at risk of contracting HIV to avoid contracting the disease, either through sex or otherwise. Similarly, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can be considered as an emergency measure when a person may have had close contact with an HIV positive person. However, PrEP and PEP are rarely mentioned during sex education programs aimed at gay and bisexual youth, as they are often used by LGBTQ+ members.

This is just one example of how including LGBTQ+ positive topics in appropriate health and sexuality education can also provide valuable resources for cisgender youth. However, the policy barriers remain, 카지노사이트 with some states actively opposing the establishment of such programs in schools, the task of ensuring equal education for all is more complicated.

Future Learned

There is a gap in American education and education about sex, expand and health giving students the resources to make informed decisions about their health and sexuality. Most school curricula are set at the state level, placing decisions about youth education in the hands of state legislators and education officials rather than doctors or sexual health professionals.

“Talking about how good sex is like gay guys… [benefits] young heterosexuals as well.

But participation doesn’t stop at sex education. LGBTQ+ history and culture is a part of the United States that is often overlooked in what is taught in schools. “Sexuality can be a difficult topic to prepare for… but if we can integrate [LGBTQ+ topics] into every curriculum, we’re making progress,” Proulx said. Read related article: Investing in Education is One of the Best Things a Country Can Do

And what can we do when high school education leaves lingering questions? “Sexuality doesn’t stop at high school…Colleges should also think about making their communities more sexually inclusive,” Proulx said.

All RIT students have access to services provided by the student health center, including safe sex kits, birth control, STI screening, and gender transition resources. So get informed, get tested, and close the gap as we work toward a nation of sexuality education, for all.

Investing in Education is One of the Best Things a Country Can Do

The past two and a half years have been filled with unimaginable challenges for education, and while Congress has responded, the number of recent achievements and the continuing experience of the individual each involved shows that more needs to be done. In legislation passed from March 2020 to March 2021, Congress provided $280 billion for Department of Education programs, nearly four times the agency’s annual budget. The purpose of this pandemic aid is to cover many new prospects – a short period of time for the purchase of personal protective equipment, hardware and software to provide virtual learning, improvements to make school facilities safer, emergency support for students , among other needs. . Federal Student Loan Rebates and Targeted Student Loan Rebates provide additional support for education. But these investments pale in comparison to the rest of the lost education that can affect not only students, but the economy for years to come.

As the crisis of the epidemic is immediately reduced, the challenge of teaching and learning continues and, in some cases, worsens. However, even as students have begun the new academic year, Congress is delaying a decision on government funding for the fiscal year that began Oct. 1. This delay in adopting new education investments will only add to the challenges for students, teachers, school districts, colleges and education providers.

Many students, families, faculty and staff have suffered emotional and economic trauma, with some now living in dire circumstances. Many students missed a lot of time in school, and their results showed poor results. College enrollment has fallen more than 9% since the start of the pandemic, with many students taking new jobs and unable to afford higher education. The national teacher shortage that existed before the pandemic has increased, along with openings for teachers, principals, instructional support staff and other school staff in many states. Additional federal support can help alleviate these problems. Investing in education is one of the best things a country can do.

They reap immediate rewards in terms of student achievement and knowledge, and long-term in terms of increased economic returns, community involvement, and an educated population ready for the environment. global economy. Despite these facts, Congress faces competition for federal funding, and every year, federal funding for education falls short of what is needed. No one is against education, but there is a debate about the balance of investment in the federal government. In any given year, the federal government spends less than 2% of its budget on education.

This is largely because more than 90% of the funding for elementary and secondary schools comes from state and local budgets, not the federal budget – a very different distribution than in other developed countries. open. Polls show the public thinks the United States is spending too little money on education, and President Biden agrees; Last year, the administration’s proposal to “Make Back Better” included consistent investment in education for early learning and childcare, school buildings, training teachers, vocational and technical education and adult education, student and college assistance, free community colleges, support for higher education institutions and workforce development, among other areas. These plans were reduced to nothing and in the end, no one was accepted 카지노사이트. The president also called for a record investment in continuing education programs, and although Congress eventually approved a 3% increase for education, it was only one-tenth of what the president requested for 2022.

This year, Congress could change the tracking of emergency COVID relief spending and ongoing support across the education system. After the Great Recession, Congress provided about $110 billion in one-time emergency funding for education, but then allowed education funding to decline in subsequent years when many states cut their own education funding. In fact, federal funding for the Department of Education this year is more than $12 billion below 2011 levels in inflation-adjusted dollars. Undergraduate Student Technology Issues and Needs

This fall, Congress should avoid repeating the mistake of having a financial education mountain. Instead, it should invest in ways that address the impact of epidemics – interruptions in learning and loss of school time and physical and mental health problems, among others. It should also increase funding to meet needs that existed long before the pandemic – for early childhood education, special education, access to higher education and vocational education.

Teacher Training Programs Are Desperately Looking for Students

Colleges of education and teacher preparation programs are creating new incentives to attract students, hoping to reverse years of declining enrollment and fill classroom vacancies.

As the school year progresses, a nationwide teacher shortage has K-12 districts scrambling and job boards lengthening. The president of the National Education Association called the shortage of teachers in the classroom a “five-alarm crisis”. Some students are returning to full-time in-person learning only to find their instructors teaching via screens, often hundreds of miles away. Many teachers are overloaded with large classes and, in some cases, teach without a degree. Some districts will begin the school year with a week of four days to host the lack of staff.

The flow of new teachers through the pipeline has slowed down to dripping, in part due to years of decrease in enrollments in educational programs. Now, higher education institutions are looking for ways to reverse what has become an alarming national trend.

Between 2008 and 2019, the number of students completing traditional teacher education programs in the United States fell by more than a third, according to a 2022 report from the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education. The report found that the largest declines occurred in undergraduate programs in areas with the greatest need for instructors, such as bilingual education, science, math and special education. As China plans to move away from “catch-up” technology

Jacqueline King, AACTE’s research, policy and advocacy consultant and co-author of the report, said teacher shortages and declining enrollment in teaching programs are “certainly related.” Both are closely linked to the devaluation of teaching as a profession, she added, embodied by decades of stagnant wages, burdensome workloads and political demonization. “Teachers’ salaries have been absolutely flat and the gap between them and other university-educated workers has widened,” he said. “This has contributed, over a long period of time, to a decline in interest in teaching as a field, both in admissions to graduate programs and in the world of work.”

In some states, the decline in enrollment in traditional teacher programs was much stronger than the national average of 35%. A 2019 report from the left-wing think tank Center for American Progress found that from 2010 to 2018 enrollments in education programs fell by 60% in Illinois, nearly 70% in Michigan and 80% in Oklahoma.카지노사이트

Bryan Duke, acting dean of the College of Education and Professional Studies at the University of Central Oklahoma, said that although he believes the CAP report is exaggerated, institutions in his state have seen a significant drop in enrollment, acknowledging which has contributed to the current shortage of teachers. According to the Oklahoma Education Association, more than 3,500 teaching positions in the state were open as of June. In January, Oklahoma City University phased out its early childhood and elementary education programs due to low enrollment. “When people consider what they study, they have the ultimate goal in mind of what the workforce will look like and conditions in our schools have become unattractive to most young students,” Duke said. “When I started my career 32 years ago, we had 50, 60, 100 applications for each position in the schools in the metropolitan area. What we see now is that schools will publish positions and will not have only one application “.

More incentives, less barriers

To deal with the problem, the education and preparation programs of teachers in schools and universities are experiencing with a heterogeneous mixture of initiatives, often at the same time.

The programs are investing in degree roads issued for the Depofessional that already work in schools, scholarships and salaries to strengthen compensation for students and associations of improved masters with school districts and community schools to generate interest between possible teaching candidates. The University of Central Oklahoma college of education is trying all these measures and more to attract students. Duke said that by increasing the reach of non-traditional students and offering more scholarships, the state is slowly creating interest among potential teachers. However, the road to recovering pre-recession data is a long one.

“We are seeing results,” she said she. “But, and this is really sad, we need to measure our success right now, not by improving growth, but by mitigating the decline.”

State policymakers are also exploring ways to lower the barriers for students seeking to enter educational programs or qualify for a license after graduation. In May, Oklahoma eliminated a general proficiency exam for teacher candidates with a bachelor’s degree in any subject. Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds signed a law in June that removes the requirement that teacher candidates pass Praxis, a pre-professional skill test that was previously required for licensing. A similar bill passed the New Jersey state legislature this summer and is awaiting the governor’s signature. Proponents of these measures argue that standardized tests such as the Praxis, which assess proficiency in a range of subjects including mathematics and English, pose unnecessarily challenging obstacles to accessing educational programs and obtaining a teaching license.

Exams can be a particularly high hurdle for black candidates. A 2019 report from the National Quality Council of the teacher found that 43 percent of color candidates approved the exam in their first attempt, compared to 58 percent of white candidates, and that 30 percent of Color candidates did not resume the exam after failing. the first time.

Mark McDermott, associate dean of Teaching Education and Student Services at the Faculty of Education of the University of Iowa, said he is looking to make the titles more accessible to students while ensuring that graduates are prepared to enter the classroom . “It is important to recognize the barriers and minimize them as much as possible. But we think teaching is really important and it’s not an easy thing to learn to do, ”she said. “We are not just preparing teachers to get licensed; we are preparing them to be detained and continue teaching for the long term ”.

King said that while exit exams may be too burdensome for candidates, some sort of licensing test should be required to ensure candidates are ready to enter the classroom. But, she added, the case of the entrance exams to gain admission to educational programs is less clear. “Since we have this shortage, why would you put an additional obstacle for students to enter the teacher preparation program?” she said.

‘Fill a leaking bucket’
Education program leaders are even more concerned about solutions being sought outside of higher education, particularly by state officials desperately trying to fill teaching vacancies. Last week, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis announced plans to allow military veterans without college degrees to teach in public schools while they work toward certification. And a new Arizona law makes current college students eligible to be elementary school teachers. Christopher Koch, president and CEO of the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation, said whether or not these measures are indicative of a wider disrespect for teaching.

“I don’t know why we are willing to do it because of the shortage of teachers and not because of the shortage of the medical professions or other professions,” he said. “It sends the wrong message about a profession in which on the one hand we say that it is one of the most important there is and on the other we say that everything is fine”.

Henry Tran, co-author of How Did We Get Here? The Decay of the Teaching Profession (Information Age Publishing, 2022), argued that disregard for the difficulty and importance of teaching is what is truly at the heart of the current shortage, a problem beyond what they can achieve. higher education solutions. “There has been a widespread feeling of disrespect for the profession, both at the macro and micro level, which pushes people to leave the profession and is a barrier to entry,” said Tran, who is also a leadership professor. and educational policy. . at the University of South Carolina.

That feeling of disrespect has material roots. There has long been a “wage penalty” associated with teaching, compared to professions requiring similar levels of education. Adjusted for inflation, the average weekly teacher salary has increased by just $ 29 since 1996, according to a new report from the Economic Policy Institute; in comparison, other graduates saw an average increase of $ 445 per week over the same period. Low pay and high levels of stress have led to a resurgence of work organization and militancy among teachers, including the upcoming planned strikes in large districts such as Columbus, Ohio and Philadelphia.

Tran said he was concerned that many of the proposed higher education solutions to the teacher shortage, most notably lowering licensing thresholds, as Iowa did, are “patch solutions” that will not produce. a teacher workforce with stamina.

“Ninety percent of the demand for teacher shortages comes from turnover. So, when you have all these solutions that lower standards or aim to attract new people, my question is, what is going to keep them from leaving as the last batch? He said. “Basically, you have a bucket with losses that you are constantly trying to fill. At a certain point, you are running out the water to fill the bucket.”

King has agreed that conservation is an important cause of the lack of teachers. He said any success of teacher training programs in increasing enrollment will be insufficient unless working conditions and pay improve.

“We will not just recruit our way out of this problem,” she said. “It has to be a two-pronged approach.”

The Importance To Be A Chief In Sports

Favorite Sports Guy from last month! As I mentioned in my last post, my wife needs my care, after 32 years of a good marriage, I’m happy to step up. I wrote about Johnny briefly last fall in a series of posts about male models. One of my favorite male models is Johnny Beyer. Many male models rarely smile and often look like they in the mist of some sort of bowel discomfort. 카지노사이트 추천 of Johnny on the runway are some of the most requested pics on modeling forums and sites which celebrate the beauty of the male forum. I was first introduced to James Taylor in a UK documentary on the beauty of the male body (See video below). This was my first coppernose bluegill to ever land on Smith. Actor Billy Crudup turns 40 today. Actor Geert Hunaerts turns 36 today. Man they put ole Tobias through hell during his time in OZ, but actor Lee Tergesen played him so well!

Lee turns 43 today. Hard to believe Barker’s Beauty Janice Pennington is 66 today! In fact, select professionals are eager to share the beauty tips that will help you look your very best. 에볼루션카지노 of science and technology usually consist of problems that are best attacked by interdisciplinary teams. I would guess they are some of the most downloaded pics on the net! What are the possible applications? Saying why do we pretend cane fly rods are any good.? I think the answer has to be for me because sometimes they are best, for sure carbon fibre does indeed provide a wonderful material for fly rods I have several, actually many , but there are a few reasons why I still love the bamboo. Recently on Facebook there was an interesting link to a piece by Simon Cooper. There was something captivating about this guy, yes hot, but also the smile and the eyes.

Love his curly hair and killer smile. Love the above pic from Lee’s messageboard. Actor Jake McDorman turns 22 today. Actor Danny Dyer turns 31 today. Swedish Pop Singer Dhani Lennevald turns 24 today. Rick turns 39 today. Yesterday I posted the Shawn Ashmore scan from the British Cosmo, today it is time for Sean Faris. Sean Faris is one of those beautiful men, almost too beautiful, who come along every once in awhile. Sean reminds me of Peter Barton from the 70’s, almost pretty in appearance which attracts some and turns off others. Cutie Eric Szmanda turns 33 today. Mz Lopez turns 38 today. Alexander turns 36 today. Now let me prove to you that global warming had nothing to do with the dry conditions near Paradise on the morning of November 8. Below is a plot of the ten-hour fuel moisture at the nearby Jarbo Gap observation side, a site that was in the path of the fire, for the five years ending November 20. You will note a repeatable pattern, with values reaching around 27% during the winter, but 3-8% every summer and early fall. For example, a recent Gallup poll found that global warming is not even on the top twenty list of concerns of the U.S.

Agenda means list of time table it called agenda, so is an important tool. NMMB (also called NAM), their main high-resolution modeling system, was developed in house and is used by few outsiders, while WRF, developed by NCAR, is a community modeling system and is used by many thousands of groups, individuals and institutions. Johnny was discovered while surfing on Huntington Beach in California. Many got to see lots of Johnny during his trip down the runway wearing nothing but a surfboard. If you play sports, it should be obvious that wearing a mouth guard is your best defense against chipped or broken teeth. One of the things I like best about Johnny is how real he comes across. This sense of fun comes through in many of his shoots and in turn brings joy to those who see his pictures. Good Luck with this Johnny, it would be great to see you shoot another swimsuit layout!

What You Should Have Asked Your Teachers About Bet

Long roulette film clips are notoriously boring which is why I have chosen to make many short but extreme high odds clips. I always compare fashion to sports, and when you think about some of the issues that have come up in sports, particularly in baseball, with steroid use and all of that, you wonder, “Why is Congress having hearings and calling Barry Bonds? If you’re going to use death to insulate your lies, why not pick an opponent? Here’s my post from last week speculating about why Gillibrand wouldn’t name names. I thought of 5 reasons why not and polled readers, and by far the most popular guess was: “Maybe it didn’t happen.” That answer seems more apt now that the response to the pressure was to name a dead man. Hypothesis 1: Incumbents get more media coverage than the opposition. The original text did something that’s frequently seen, the omission of “Democrat” in a mainstream media report of something negative about a Democrat. A. M. Sari, and L. Yulianti, “Aplikasi Pendataan Pasien Rujuk Balik Peserta Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (Bpjs) Bengkulu.” Jurnal Media Infotama, vol. Dana retired the Jimenez character in 1970. It was considered in bad taste to get laughs playing a dumb ethnic stereotype with an accent.

No white curlicue on top, but I think you might find they taste better. It’s awfully sad. And the fact that I find it sad, by the way, is evidence that I really am in the middle, because people on the right think it’s great that the left is isolating itself this way. ADDED: You can still buy Tastykake Butterscotch Krimpets, which is what we ate in Delaware in the 1950s and 60s. And here are the Tastykake cream-filled cupcakes, which I think you might find similar to the Hostess cupcakes. Here are the dates on which I have taken them in the last three years. Just have no rule and let the prof impose a rule if he wants! I hate to think that the essence of being taken seriously is that Congress holds hearings, but I don’t think Givhan is saying she wants congressional hearings into the problems of the fashion industry.

The contestant was moved to the top-left zone and had 60 seconds to answer five “brain-teaser” questions referred to by the host as “5 Killer Questions.” These usually consisted of jumbles, math problems and general-knowledge questions. One answer is: The Republican Party would fight back, call me a liar, etc. My party has its interest in me. I agree with the proposition that sports and fashion are exactly equally important and that it’s helpful to keep that in mind even as you personally feel more drawn to one than the other. Of course, there is more depth to the experience, but it shouldn’t hinder you from enjoying the game as is. Details on the discussion at the Gaming, Lodging & Leisure Summit in Las Vegas, Nevada; Expected opening of the Bellagio of Mirage Resorts, Park Place Entertainment, Circus Circus Enterprises and Las Vegas Sands in Las Vegas; Need of Las Vegas gaming companies to be more creative in their efforts to reach customers. Old fashioned cream canoes and traditional French eclairs are simple to make with Norpro’s Cream Canoe Pan.

Cream canoes! I Google that term and come up with a recipe for “twinkling good vanilla snack cakes” made in your “a filled cake pan (aka cream canoe pan).” The fall of Hostess is a wake-up call: Get twinkling! So each pan makes about 10 hotdog buns. You cut through for individual hotdog buns, like cakes. I have a pan made for East coast style hotdog buns. Now that I’m poking around over at Amazon, I’m seeing the Kaiser Bakeware Basic Tinplate Eclair/Lady Finger Pan and this Eclair Baking Pan and realizing that Twinkies are eclairs (with the chocolate frosting). Don’t you think Mark Twain worked over his prose to make it readable? I don’t think that fashion will really change until that same sort of recognition happens. 카지노사이트 think these fish will only hit in warm weather. So a person who likes to start a new sentence with “and” or “but,” instead of going with a comma when there’s an independent clause, will get a lower grade level score. 카지노사이트 of time that is your 100% varies from person to person.

Gambling Professionally: 10 Ways to Make a Profit as a Gambler

Gambling professionally probably has at least as much to do with what you don’t do as it does with what you do. The main thing to avoid is playing games where you don’t have an edge.카지노사이트

Some professional gamblers do play games where they don’t have an edge over the house, but they’re the exception to the rule. And even then, they stick with money that ISN’T part of their professional gambling bankroll.

In other words, if a professional gambler plays roulette, he does purely it for entertainment.

When I write a blog post, I usually try to assume that the reader knows little or nothing about the subject. So when I write a post about how professional gamblers only gamble with an edge, my first assumption is that the reader doesn’t know what a mathematical edge is.

That’s why the first point on this list explains the math behind gambling.

Psychology plays a big role in being a professional gambler, too. Depending on the nature of your gambling activities, you might only be making a moderate middle class income. In a lot of cases, professional gamblers sometimes go through dry spells and/or losing streaks. In those cases, they need to have money to live on.

Self-discipline and math skills are just for starters. Once you’ve developed those 2 skills, you still have to achieve a certain amount of proficiency in your chosen activity, regardless of what it is. Being a professional level poker or blackjack players requires skills. It takes a lot of effort to develop those skills.

In fact, most people aren’t cut out to be professional gamblers. For most people, the amount of effort required compared to the rewards aren’t worth it. It’s also hard for most people to divorce themselves from their emotions enough to make the kind of consistent, rational decisions necessary for success.

If you think you might have what it takes, this post provides as good of an introduction to the topic of gambling professionally as any you’ll find.

If you’re interested in learning more about making a living as a gambler, you might also check out the book How to Make $100,000 a Year Gambling.

Gambling : Understand the Math

If you want to gamble professionally, you must have enough knowledge of math to understand some of the intricacies of probability. I can provide an introduction to the subject here, but you might consider buying a textbook or taking a class on the subject.

Probability is the branch of mathematics that deals with predicting the future. It examines in a black and white way the likelihood that certain events will occur. In fact, the word “probability” isn’t just a description of this kind of math. It’s also a description of the likelihood of an event.

The probability that something will happen can always be expressed as a number between 0 and 1. If something will NEVER happen, it has a probability of 0. If something will always happen, it has a probability of 1.

You can express a probability in the following ways:

  • As a fraction
  • As a decimal
  • As a percentage
  • As odds

Here’s an example of a probability expressed as a fraction:

You’re flipping a coin, and you want to express the probability that it will land on heads. You have 2 possible outcomes, each of which is equally as likely as the other. To express that as a fraction, you put the outcome that you’re looking at on top of the fraction (the numerator). You put the total number of possible outcomes on the bottom of the fraction (the denominator).

In this case, the probability is ½.

You have 2 possible outcomes, but only 1 of them is heads.

Here’s an example of that same probability expressed as a decimal:

By the way, this isn’t even a probability problem. It’s just an exercise in converting fractions to decimal. To convert a fraction into a decimal, you just divide the number by the denominator. 1 divided by 2 is 0.5.

You can also convert that into a percentage–which is easy for most people to understand:

To convert a decimal into a percentage, you multiply it by 100 and add the % symbol. 0.5 X 100 = 50%.
This is one of the most popular and easily understood way of expressing a probability. If you watch the weather on the news, you’re probably pretty familiar with this already. When the meteorologist says there’s a 50% chance of rain, you know what she means.

The words “per cent” mean “per 100”, so you can always think of a percentage as the number of times out of 100 that something will occur.

Expressing a probability as odds might be the least intuitive way to express this number, but it can be incredibly useful for gamblers. Instead of comparing the number of ways something can happen with the total number of outcomes, when you’re talking odds, you compare the number of ways something can happen with the number of ways it can’t happen.

In the coin toss example I’ve been using, the odds of getting heads is 1 to 1. You have 1 way to get a heads results, and you have 1 way to NOT get a heads result. This is called even odds.

In gambling situations, you risk money on certain outcomes. If the payoff odds for a bet are better than the odds of winning, you have a profitable situation. (Pros called that +EV, which stands for “positive expected value”.) If the payoff odds for a bet are lower than the odds of winning, you have a losing situation. (This is called -EV, or “negative expected value”.)

If you consistently put yourself in +EV situations, you can expect a profit when gambling. In fact, this is what casinos do all the time. It’s how they stay in business.

The rest of this post is filled with examples of +EV situations, but here’s an easy to understand example that continues from our coin toss discussions:

Suppose you’re convinced that you’re psychic, and you think you can predict with some degree of certainty which way the coin was going to land. In fact, you’re so convinced that you’re willing to bet $2 to win $1.

I’ll ignore any question of the likelihood that you’re really psychic, and I’ll just ask you the following question:
Who, mathematically, has the edge in this situation?

Obviously, it’s the other guy. He only stands to lose $1, and you stand to lose $2, and mathematically speaking, you both have a 50% chance of winning or losing every time.

If you assume 100 coin tosses, and you win 50 times, you’ve won $50. But you’ll also have lost 50 times, losing $100. Your net profit is -$50.

If you want to be a professional gambler, you want to be the guy on the other side of that bet. Pros don’t rely on psychic powers. They rely on math and the long run.

Gambling : Develop Incredible Self-Discipline

Gambling is an emotional activity. All kinds of hormones and chemicals get pumped into your brain when you’re playing a game of chance for money. And once those get started, it’s easy to start making irrational decisions.

Professional gamblers can’t afford to be irrational. If and when they are irrational, they lose money. And losing money is not a way to make a living at any activity.

Here’s an example from the world of poker:

You’ve been playing solid poker for hours. Bet when you have a big hand, and fold when you have lousy cards. Pay attention to position. You know what the other players’ tendencies are.

Over the last 6 hours, you’ve only had 6 hands worth playing, and you went into the pot of every one of them as the favorite to win.

And every single time, your opponent sucked out on you. He started with a worse hand, and then he got lucky.

So you start playing a little more emotionally. You start betting big when you don’t have the cards to justify it. You make raises when you know your opponent probably has a better hand.

This is called “tilt”.

It’s a great way to make a bad situation at the poker table worse.

And good poker players can smell when you’re on tilt. They’ll sit back and wait until they have great cards, then they’ll bust you.

Pro poker players don’t go on tilt. If and when they do, they quit playing until they have their emotions under control again.

Tilt can happen to any gambler playing any game. It takes self-discipline to avoid tilt and/or to change your behavior.

Professional gamblers also need the discipline to be extremely frugal. The nature of gambling is that your expected results happen in the long run. In the short term, anything can (and will) often happen. That’s why some slot machine players sometimes come home winners even though the odds are against them.

In other words, you can be the best at your chosen gambling profession and still have a losing month. In order to continue to pay your bills, you have to be frugal enough to be able to afford these downswings.
I was friends with an online poker professional a few years ago, before Black Friday. He and I discussed what it was like making a living playing poker online.

He told me that 5 months out of 6 he won 5 figures playing poker. But also, 1 month out of 6, he lost 5 figures. He was insanely profitable over time, but he did have 2 months out of the year when he was losing.
I couldn’t get him to tell me his exact numbers, but let’s look at the minimum he’s talking about. If you make $10,000 in profit 10 months out of the year, but you lose $10,000 2 months out of the year, you’re looking at a net profit of $80,000.

But you still have to eat, pay rent, and pay bills during those months when you’re losing money. That takes self-discipline.

Professional gamblers also need the discipline to maintain a bankroll. Recreational gamblers just need to make sure they have enough money to play as long as they want to. Their goal is to get maximum entertainment value for their money.

Professional gamblers need to make sure they maintain enough money that they can stay in action until the long term math kicks in and they start showing a profit. It can be hard to not dip into your gambling bankroll to take a pretty girl out on a date, or to buy tickets to a boxing match you really want to see, or to buy a new television when the pictures goes out on the one you have.

But it’s necessary if you want to stay in business.

A professional gambler is a businessperson. And businesspeople have to maintain enough capital to continue doing business.

It probably also goes without saying that people with impulse control problems—alcoholics, drug addicts, sex addicts, etc.—rarely succeed as professional gamblers.

The reason is simple:

If you can’t control your behavior, you’ll eventually start playing games where you don’t have an edge. You might get lucky for a while, but in the long run, you’ll lose all your money.

Professionals don’t lose money in the long term.

Become a Bookmaker

A bookmaker, if you don’t already know, is someone who takes bets on sports. At your local bar, you’ll often hear this person called “a bookie”. In the United States, it’s illegal to be a bookmaker unless you’re in Nevada and you have a license. That’s a legitimate, if expensive, option, by the way.

But you could consider becoming a bookie and make a living gambling, even if you don’t live in Nevada.
That’s probably not what you had in mind when you thought about betting on sports professionally, but think about who’s most likely to win money in a sports betting situation.

First of all, the bookmaker usually has you place $110 in action in order to win $100. And he’s also set the lines in such a way that he has equal action on both sides of a game.

If you’re a complete novice to sports betting, here’s what all that means:

“Action” is the amount of money you bet. If you have to bet $110 to win $100, that gives the other party an edge, but only if the other party has a 50% chance or better of winning the bet.

That extra $10, by the way, is called “the vigorish”, or “vig”. This is where bookmakers really make their money.

The line is the amount a team has to win by in order to consider it the winning team in a bet. For example, if the line has the Cowboys as a 7 point favorite over the Redskins, that means that the Cowboys have to win by 8 points or more for your bet to pay off. If the Cowboys win by 7 points or less, a bet on the Redskins is considered the winner.

The reason bookmakers create these lines is to create a situation where the bettors feel like they have a 50% chance of winning. If they succeed in this, then they get an equal amount of action on both sides.

Here’s an example:

10 people bet on the Cowboys to beat the spread. 10 people bet on the Redskins. That’s 20 X $1100 in action, or $22,000. Half of those bettors will win, and half of them will lose, because half of them took one side and half took the other. The bookmaker has to pay out $10,000 in winnings. But the bookmaker collects $11,000 in winnings from the other side, so they get $1000 in profit.

The losing side pays off the winning side and then some. That’s how the vig works, and that’s how the bookmaker makes his profit.

Small-time bookmakers might have trouble balancing both sides of a contest in this way unless they have an unusually large client base. Many of them place bets with other bookmakers to cover the action on the other side, too. Of course, they have to pay the other bookmakers vig, too, but it can help them cover the other side of the action.

Becoming a bookmaker involves more than just a willingness to ignore the laws in the United States. (In fact, please don’t construe this post as encouragement to break the law or as legal advice.)
You also have to put together a client base.

For most people, finding clients to bet sports with them isn’t too hard. You need to be reasonably personable, but finding clients is as simple as spending some time at a bar. The kind of bar you troll for clients at can make all the difference, though.

The best bars at which you can find sports bettors are small bars where the barflies drink hard and watch sports. You’ll do especially well with bars which have a crew of regulars in the afternoon before happy hour. Since there are regulars there, if you pick up one client, they’ll often refer you to other clients.

I have a friend who’s a CPA. One of his clients was a bookie. He said that his client never had a problem with the IRS turning him over to the FBI; as long as he was paying his taxes, everything was fine.

So that’s an important point:

Budget your income taxes into the equation.
Getting on the wrong side of the Internet Revenue Service is a big mistake.

Also, if you’re going to run an illegal bookmaking operation, keep a low profile. Don’t set up a website or take sports bets of any kind over the Web. Prosecution is rare with bookmakers, but it does happen. But it’s more likely to happen to high profile bookmakers with a Web presence.

And again, please understand that I’m not offering legal advice. This entire post is meant for entertainment purposes. But I think a lot of these details are instructional and helpful, too.

The bottom line is that it’s a lot more profitable to be the guy taking the bets than it is to be the guy making the bets.

Own a Casino

Another way to profit from gambling is to own the casino. This might be a stretch for a lot of people. There are licensing and financing issues that are beyond most folks’ ability to comprehend, much less implement.
On the other hand, no one in the gambling business is more profitable than the owner of the casino. You’re still gambling, but you’re gambling with the odds in your favor on every bet.

That’s the best way to gamble professionally.

Underground casinos are possible, too, but in most states, it’s a felony to run an illegal gambling operation. Depending on how strict the laws are in your area, you could wind up with some serious probation or even jail time.

That being said, I don’t know how many bars and/or gas stations I’ve visited in the state of Texas which had “8-liners” in them. That’s just another way of saying “slot machine”. Theoretically, these games are legal as long as no one’s winning any cash.
But let’s be realistic.

I was a regular at a bar in Dallas for years. They had a couple of 8-liners in the back near the jukebox. If you won a significant amount of money, you didn’t get paid off in cash by the machine. You told the bartender, and on Friday, you went into the bar to pick up an envelope from the owner. The envelope contained your winnings, in cash.

A buddy of mine won a few hundred dollars one week. He called the bar to talk to the owner on Friday, wanting to ask when he could pick up his envelope. Of course, the owner didn’t know my friend, so he said, “I don’t give envelopes to people I don’t know.”

I had to call the owner and explain to him who my friend was. Once he knew, everything was okay.
That’s a small-time casino, I know, but I can only imagine how much money those 2 machine made. I knew one old carpenter who lost $300 in those machines on Thursday night. He borrowed $200 from me to try to catch up. He lost that, too.

To his credit, he paid me back the following Thursday, as promised. But if he was dropping that kind of money on those machines on a Thursday night, how much money were the other regulars putting in there?
I asked the bartender one night, and he seemed to think they were making at least $1000 per week from each machine on average. That’s not bad for a bar so small that the maximum legal occupancy was 60 people.

On the other hand, had they ever gotten busted, it would have been a drag.

I also had a couple of friends who owned underground poker rooms. I’m lumping this into the professional gambling category even though the house isn’t really gambling in this situation—they just collect a percentage of each pot over a certain amount. That 5% or so that they collect from the pot is called “the rake”. It’s basically the same thing as the house edge for a casino or the vig for a sports book.

I did some of the math once about how much money you could make owning an underground cardroom. I figured that you could rent a decent apartment or office space for $1500 a month. Your electric bill would probably run $200 a month, and you might budget $300 for other miscellaneous expense. I’m not 100% sure, but I think the dealers worked only for tips.

But how much money were you looking at making?
If you have 4 full tables most of the time, you have 36 players. Assuming each table plays about 50 hands per hour, that’s 200 raked hands per hour. If the size of the average pot is $20, that’s $4000 per hour in action, and $200 per hour in profit for the cardroom.

Let’s assume you’re only open 4 nights a week for 8 hours a night. That’s 32 X $200, or $6400 per week. Even if you assume that my assumptions are too optimistic and you divide them by 2, $3200 per week more than covers your expenses and leaves you plenty of profit.

Let’s talk about something else related to owning your own casino—the house edge. Most of the time, when we talk about a casino, we talked about a business that hosts casino games. All of these games pay out at odds less than the games offer.

The difference is the house edge. It’s expressed as a percentage.
The house edge is a long term expectation. We’re talking about a near infinite number of bets. But a casino with a reasonable number of customers nears that long term expectation much faster than an individual playing those casino games.

That’s why casinos are able to continue to get customers. In the short run, players can win.
But in the long run, the casinos inevitably win.
You want to be a professional gambler?
Own a casino.

Here’s an example of the house edge:

  • American roulette has 38 numbers on the wheel. 18 of them are black, and 18 of them are red. 2 of them are green.
  • You can bet on black and get an even money payoff if you win. But you’re not facing 50/50 odds of winning at all.
  • You have 18 possible winning situations and 20 possible losing situations. The total number of possible outcomes is 38. So your odds of winning are 18/38, or 9/19.
  • That means the percentage chance of winning that bet is 47.37%. The probability of losing is 52.63%.
  • Suppose you placed 100 bets and saw mathematically perfect results. If you were betting $1 per bet, you’d win $47.37 and lost $52.63. Your net loss would be $5.26.
  • And that is the house edge for roulette—5.26%.

The house edge varies from game to game, but the house always has an advantage in a casino. (There are exceptions that I cover later in this post.)

Learn to Cheat

This might be the riskiest professional gambling technique on the list. I don’t recommend it, actually, but it’s an option. Cheating is anything that changes the conditions of the game in order to give you an unfair advantage.

Here’s an example:

You have long, sharp fingernails. You’re playing poker. You mark the backs of certain cards with your fingernails.

Now you know when your opponents have certain cards. You have an advantage that the other players don’t have. It’s also unfair, because you have, without their knowledge or consent, changed the conditions of the contest.

Get caught doing this in some poker games and you’re likely to get shot–or at least beat up. The shooter or the guy delivering the butt kicking will also take your money, which is a net loss instead of a win.

That’s not the only way to cheat at gambling. Past posting is one popular way to cheat. That’s just a matter of putting additional money on top of your bet after you’re already aware of its outcome. It’s almost impossible to get away with, and if you get caught doing it, you can face arrest and prosecution.

Any number of card tricks are possible if you’re a card mechanic. You can deal people whatever cards you want without their knowing it. This can obviously create a tremendous advantage for you.

You can play craps with loaded dice. Again, this changes the conditions so that the game of chance is no longer fair.

You could bribe a boxer to take a dive. This is also a way of changing the conditions of a bet and give yourself an unfair advantage. That technique is popular in the movies, by the way, especially in film noir.
Slot machine cheaters have used various devices to rig those games in their favor, too.
Cheating is NOT the same thing as advantage gambling, though.

Count Cards in Blackjack

The best-known advantage gambling technique is card counting in blackjack. “Advantage gambling” just means using legal techniques to put the odds in your favor instead of the house’s. Since counting cards basically just involves thinking about the game while you’re playing, it’s hard to consider it “cheating”—even though the casino tries to imply just that.

This site has lengthy pages about counting cards in the blackjack section, but I’ll explain it in simple terms here, too. I’ll assume you know next to nothing about the game.

Your goal in blackjack is to get as close to 21 without going over and beat the dealer’s total. You start by getting dealt 2 cards. The cards are worth their face value except for the ace and the face cards. The ace is worth 1 or 11, whichever you prefer. The face cards are worth 10.

If you get dealt a “natural” or a “blackjack”, you immediately win a 3 to 2 payout on your bet. So if you bet $100 on a hand, and you get dealt a natural, you immediately win $150.

This bonus payout on that hand is where counting cards can get you an edge. Unlike most gambling games, blackjack has a memory. Here’s what I mean:

When you play roulette, and a ball lands on a particular spot on the wheel, the number of spots remains the same on the next spin. There were 38 slots, and you had a 1/38 probability of getting any particular number.

On the next spin, the odds are the same—1/38.
But in blackjack, every time you deal a card, you change the odds.
There’s an easy way to understand this, too.

You have to be dealt an ace in order to get a natural. If you’re playing with a single deck, and all the aces have been dealt, it’s impossible to get a 2 card total of 21.

On the other hand, if the ratio of 10s and aces in the deck to lower cards in the deck is relatively high, your odds of being dealt a natural increase. This means you’re more likely to get that 3 to 2 payout.

And that’s exactly what card counters do. They track the ratio of high cards to low cards, and when there are a lot of high cards in the deck, they raise the size of their bets in order to get those extra winnings.

Since blackjack has a 0.5% to 1% edge on average, it doesn’t take much of a chance in the odds to turn the game into a positive expectation proposition for the player. By betting the minimum when the deck doesn’t favor you, but betting a lot more when it does, you improve your odds against the casino to a point where you have an edge over the casino of between 0.5% and 1%.

This doesn’t mean much in the short run. You can easily lose a lot of money even when the odds are in your favor. But in the long run, over a lifetime of play, you’ll eventually see a profit.

The expected amount of that profit is easy to calculate, too. You just look at how many bets you place per hour, then you multiply that by the edge you have over the house. You multiply that by your average betting size.

Here’s an example:

You’re playing at a table where you’re getting 50 hands per hour. You’re betting an average of $100 per hand, so you’re putting $5000 per hour into action. If you have an edge over the casino of 1%, you expect to win—in the long run—an average of $50 per hour.

That’s not a great living, by the way. It’s roughly $100,000 a year if you’re playing 40 hours a week. But I don’t know any blackjack players who spend that much time at the table. In fact, I don’t know many people who would WANT to spend that much time playing a card game of any kind (except poker, maybe).

Spending that kind of time at the blackjack table means avoiding heat from the casinos. “Heat” is just a jargon term describing the efforts of a casino to stop players from counting cards. They reserve the right to refuse to let you play blackjack. They even sometimes ban players from a casino altogether.

To avoid heat, most card counters limit the amount of time they spend at a particular table to an hour or less. They also limit the number of times they play at a casino each week to once or twice. They also avoid playing at the casino during the same shifts.

This makes it harder to get in 40 hours a week.

One way card counters make more money is by working in teams. They have various techniques for avoiding heat from the casino. One example is the “big player” strategy.

Most card counters raise and lower their bets based on the count. That’s a big clue to the casino that you’re an advantage player. But blackjack teams will sometimes have a player who just flat bets the entire time he plays, regardless of the count.

But when the count gets really positive, he signals the “big player”. This player is wandering the casino floor, acting drunk (and rich). When he sees this signal, he walks up to the table where the count is positive, and he places a huge bet. Having the increased odds of getting a blackjack on this huge bet gives the entire team an edge.

And that’s just one advanced technique that card counting teams use to get an edge over the casino. Professional blackjack players have a whole list of techniques they can use to get an edge over the house, including things like shuffle tracking and dealer tells.

Master Video Poker

Video poker is my favorite casino game. It looks like a slot machine, but in reality, the games are dramatically different. Here’s why:

Both games involve lining up randomly generated symbols in a line on a computer screen. In slot machine games, these symbols could be anything, but they’re often fruit, bars, playing cards, or novelty symbols tied into the theme of the game. In video poker, they’re always playing cards.

The big difference is that on a slot machine game, you have no way of knowing what the odds are of getting any particular symbol. You know what you get paid off for the various combinations, but without the odds of getting those combinations, you can’t make any kind of judgment about how much of an edge the house has over you.바카라사이트

But on a video poker game, the odds of getting each symbol are the same as they would be if you were playing with a real 52 card deck of cards. (If you’re playing in a game with a joker, it might be a 53 card deck.) This does something for you—it enables you to calculate the payback percentage for the game.

Okay—that’s another new phrase I’ve introduced to you. The “payback percentage” is the flip side of the house edge coin, and it’s used to describe gambling machines. Subtract a game’s house edge from 100%, and you have the amount it’s expected to pay back over time.

For example, if you’re playing a slot machine game with a 4% house edge, the payback percentage is 96%. Of course, slot machines are the ONLY game in the casino where you don’t know what the house edge is.
But that’s the first major difference between slots and video poker. You can calculate a video poker game’s payback percentage and house edge by analyzing the payoffs for each combination (in poker terms, each “hand”) against the odds of getting each hand.

Here’s the other major difference:

On a slot machine game, you don’t really make any decisions of any consequence. You put your money in, spin the reels, and hope for the best. But on a video poker game, once you get your 5 cards, you then decide which cards you’re going to “hold”. The computer then deals your new cards.

This means that there is a mathematically correct way to play every hand. Your goal is to maximize your expected return on every hand.

Here’s an example of how you might need to compare options in a video poker game:

Let’s say you’re dealt a hand that consists off the ace, king, queen, and jack, all of hearts. The 5th card in your hand is the jack of spades.

So you have 2 big options here to choose from. One of them is to hold the pair of jacks. After all, that’s a sure win—but it only pays even odds. You basically have a 100% chance of getting a 1 coin payout. (I’m using a standard Jacks or Better pay table for this example.)

You also have the option of discarding the jack of spades and trying to draw a 10 of hearts. If you get the 10 of hearts, you’ve hit a royal flush, which has the highest payout of any hand in the game. In fact, it pays 800 to 1. But there’s only one card in the deck which will make that hand for you.

What’s the better decision?

To calculate the expected value of a decision, you multiply the probability of winning the bet by the payoff.
We already discussed how you have a 100% chance of winning 1 coin, which is a 1 coin expected value.
But not we have to look at the probability of hitting that royal flush. The odds aren’t great. But we can calculate it accurately.

You only have 1 outcome that will work. But you have 47 possible outcomes total. So the probability of getting the card you want is 1/47, or about 2%. A 2% chance of winning an 800 coin payout is an expected value of 16 coins.

Since 16 coins is better than 1 coin, you would opt for drawing to the royal flush, even though 98% of the time you’ll miss your hand.

Perceptive readers might notice that this is a hugely simplified way of calculating which is the better decision. I didn’t account for the fact that you might also hit 3 of a kind, 4 of a kind, full house, a straight, or a flush, depending on which choice you made.
But you get the idea.

Since you can calculate the payback percentage and the correct decision, you can treat video poker a lot like blackjack. It’s a low house edge game, and there are ways of getting an edge over the house.

One way is to just stick with extremely good pay tables. If you can find a “full pay” Deuces Wild video poker game, and if you can play it with perfect strategy, you can achieve a payback percentage of 100.76%. That’s an edge over the house of 0.76%. That’s comparable to what blackjack players achieve.

(A “full pay” video poker pay table is the best possible version of that game—the one with the highest payback percentage. Different casinos and different machines within the same casino might have less optimal pay tables. In fact, they often do.)

Here’s the problem with specializing in full pay Deuces Wild:

There are only a tiny handful of casinos in the country that even make this game available. Most of them are on the Boulder Strip in Las Vegas. And the games are only available in low limits.

How much money could you realistically make playing full pay Deuces Wild professionally?
You always bet 5 coins per hand in video poker, so you’re looking at wagering $1.25 per hand. If you’re a pretty fast player, you can play 600 hands per hour. That’s $750 per hour in action.

If you’re winning 0.76% of that, over a long period of time, you’re looking at averaging $5.70 per hour in winnings. That’s not even minimum wage.

But most video poker players are combining games with a slight negative expectation with other factors to increase their overall payback percentage to over 100%.

Here’s an example of that:

One player might be playing Jacks or Better with a 99.54% payback percentage. But he’s also a member of the rewards club at the casino, so he gets 0.2% back.

But that still doesn’t create a positive expectation. He’s still playing a casino game with a house edge, albeit a small one of just 0.26%.

But this player decides she’s going to only play this game during the triple points promotions. Now she’s getting 0.6%. This gets her a tiny edge over the house, but she’s retired, and she sees it as an opportunity to gamble for free and get cool stuff on her vacation.

Also, she can play for higher stakes. This casino has dollar machines AND $5 machines. So she can bet $25 per hand. That’s $15,000 in action per hour. With an edge over the casino of only slightly more than 0.1%, she’s still making more money per hour–$15 per hour instead of $5.70.

The real video poker pros wait until a progressive jackpot gets big enough that the game has a really high edge for the player. The higher the progressive jackpot gets, the lower the house edge. At a point, it becomes so low that the odds are actually then in the players’ favor.When this happens, advantage gambling teams usually stake out all the seats on those games. When they need a break, someone else from the team will take their spot. When the jackpot is finally won, the team splits the proceeds.

Play Poker at a Professional Level

Betting on sports and playing poker are probably the 2 best ways to become a professional gambler—short of owning your own casino. That’s because these 2 ways are both profitable and reasonably easy to get involved in, at least compared to the other options on this list.

But it’s not as easy to be a long-term winning poker player as you might think. And if you’re playing Texas hold’em, which you probably will be, since it’s the most popular poker game today, you’re dealing with a huge luck factor. In fact, lots of people get on winning streaks in hold’em even though they’re playing terribly. When their long term expectation kicks in, they’re awfully disappointed.

The reason that it’s hard to beat poker is because most of the time you have to not only be better than your opponents, but you have to be better than they are by a certain amount. Most cardrooms take 5% of every pot. So not only do you have to be better than the other players, you have to be far enough ahead of them to make up for the 5% and then some.

Most of the literature I’ve seen about professional poker suggests that you measure your hourly rate in poker in terms of big bets won. The big bet is the number after the / when you’re talking about the game’s limits. For example, if you’re playing in a $5/$10 limit game, you’re looking at your winnings in terms of $10 per hour.

A poker professional can count on a long term winning rate of 1 or 2 big bets per hour. But if you’re playing online exclusively, you can increase that multiple by playing more per hands per hour and by playing at more than one table at a time.

If you’re good enough to win one big bet per hour, and you can manage playing 4 tables at once, you can win 4 big bets per hour.

To make a reasonable living, let’s assume you need to earn at least $10,000 a month. If you specialize in $5/$10 holdem, you need to be able to win 1000 big bets per month. At 4 big bets per hour, that’s 250 hours per month of play. That’s a little over 60 hours a week of play.

Most poker players can’t play for 60 hours a week and maintain any kind of quality of life. So you have to look at ways to increase your hourly earnings.
Do this by playing more tables at once.
You can do this by increasing the amount you win per hour.
You can do this by playing for higher stakes.

Let’s say you’re able to increase all of these factors by 50%. Now you’re playing 6 tables at a time. You’re playing for $7.50/$15. And you’re now winning 1.5 big bets per hour.

You’re now earning $135 or so per hour. To make $10,000 per month, you need to play for 74 hours per month. That’s less than 20 hours a week, and that’s a little more like it.

None of these numbers are exact, either. Your hourly earnings will fluctuate upward and downward over time. The level of competition will improve and get worse. Your energy levels will fluctuate, so you might play more or fewer hours a month.

Might change stakes based on fluctuations in your bankroll. You might find that the competition gets much better at one level compared to another, so you might have to stay at a certain level before moving up. You might never get good enough to move up to the next level.

No limit players, by the way, measure their progress by ROI (return on investment). They look at how much money they’re putting in the pot per hour and what percentage of that they expect to win. They also face higher bankroll fluctuations. But their potential profits are higher.

Tournament players also look at return on investment as their key performance indicator. You might lose 80% of the tournaments in which you play, but you make enough money from the 20% you place in to make up for your losses and more.

If you’re really good and really lucky, you might be able to win the World Series of Poker Main Event. Pull that off, and you’ve made a living for the rest of your life. But even great players know that winning that event is like winning the lottery.

Here’s why:

Let’s say you’re 3 times as good as the average player in the World Series of Poker. There’s a $10,000 entry fee for this tournament. The top prize in 2015 was $7.7 million, and anyone finishing in the final 9 won at least $1 million.

Your odds of being the first place winner would be 1 in 6420 if you were playing with players who were all exactly as good at poker as you are and no better. But since you’re 3 times as good as any of them, your odds of winning first place are 1 in 2140.

That’s still a longshot, but it’s not quite as bad as the lottery.

And you still have a good shot at being in the final 9, too. The odds for that are 9 in 6420, and since you’re 3 times as good as the average player, that’s 27 in 6420. That’s a 1 in 238 chance of winning a million dollars on your $10,000 entry fee.

Your odds of winning anything at all, or at least getting your entry fee back, are actually quite good in this scenario. The top 1000 places paid out, which is 1000 out of 6420, or roughly 1 in 6.4. If you’re 3 times better than your opponents, you have an almost 50% chance of finishing in the money and at least making a small profit.

Here’s the trick though:

Getting to a point where you’re that much better than the average player at those stakes takes a lot of time, effort, talent, and smarts.

Poker isn’t a physical activity, but you can still consider it a sport. Some people are talented at sports, but some people just don’t have what it takes to excel.

Think about it this way:

No matter how much you practice, you’ll probably never be as good a quarterback as Peyton Manning. He just has more innate talent than you do. (And I apologize to anyone reading this who’s the exception to the rule, but what are the odds of that?)

The same might hold true for poker. Many players, no matter how much they practice, will never have enough talent to compete with the likes of Doyle Brunson, Phil Hellmuth, or Daniel Negreanu.

This doesn’t mean you should avoid the Main Event at the World Series of Poker. It’s still a game of chance. Even if you’re only half as good as the other players, you still have a chance of coming out the winner. It’s just that your chances are 1 in 12,000 instead of 1 in 6000.

How do you get good at poker?

The same way you get to Carnegie Hall—practice, practice, practice.
I suggest starting by playing online at some of the free games. Read a basic book about the game you’re most interested in—probably Texas hold’em, since that’s where most of the action is.

As soon as you can, move up to real money games. The way people play differs dramatically even when there’s only a tiny amount of money on the line. Even $0.01/$0.02 games see better hands winning the pots and more people folding.

As you start winning consistently, you can go up in stakes. You should go up in stakes as soon as you have a large enough bankroll to avoid going broke at the next level.

You should also read books about the game. Some of the better ones include Super/System, which was edited (and partially written by) Doyle Brunson, Small Stakes Holdem by Ed Miller, and The Theory of Poker by David Sklansky. In fact, The Theory of Poker is essential reading for anyone who wants to seriously learn how to win at the game in the long run.

Play Daily Fantasy Sports

Daily fantasy sports were started by a lot of the people who were involved in the online poker industry. The launch of these games was directly a result of the passage of UIGEA (The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act). That law had a specific exemption built into it for fantasy sports. So the poker moguls put their heads together and figured out that they could shorten the time frame for the fantasy sports contests and treat them just like poker tournaments in terms of buy-ins and payout structures.

Smart players who know a lot about sports are able to put together teams that are more likely to win. And if you can beat the other players often enough to overcome the vig or the rake, then you can make a profit playing daily fantasy sports.

Of course, I should explain how the vig works in fantasy sports. If you’ve played poker online, you’re probably familiar with the structure already.

To enter a daily fantasy sports league, you pay an entry fee of something like $10 + $1 or $20 + $2. The first number is the amount of money that you’re contributing to the prize pool. The 2nd number is a fee that you’re paying to the house. If you’re in a $10 + $1 tournament with 10 players total, the prize pool is $100. The other $10 in entry fees goes to the house.

In order for you to show a positive ROI playing daily fantasy sports, you have to be able to win often enough to compensate for the additional feels. The reasons why should be obvious.

Suppose you are just as good as everyone else in a daily fantasy contest. If there were 10 contestants, you’d be expected to win once out of every 10 times. So you’d win $100 over 10 contests, which is $10 per contest. But you’d still have lost another $10 in entry fees.

On the other hand, if you won twice, you’d have won $200, but you’d still have paid $10 in entry fees.
So the better your chances of winning are compared to the other players, the more likely you are to be able to beat the vig.

The intricacies of winning these daily fantasy contests are many. You have to decide which kinds of tournaments you prefer—the 50/50 tournaments and the ones with the big prize pools. Different strategies are rewarded in each type of tournament.

If you’re playing the 50/50 tournaments, which are also called “cash games”, you’re looking at minimizing volatility. You want dependable players. You want a balanced team that you’re certain is going to outscore the average team, but they don’t have to outscore the team by much.

In this type of contest, half the field gets paid—the top half. So you don’t get any more money from being the #1 point-scorer than you would if you were #49 or #50 in a 100 entrant tournament. So you’re looking to put together a fantasy team that has an 80% chance of scoring 120 points, not one that has a 35% chance of scoring 180 points.

The other type of daily fantasy sports contest you can participate in is called a tournament. In this type of content, the top players get paid more based on how they placed. For example, the winner of the tournament might get 30% of the entire prize pool. 2nd place might get 20%. The other top 18 players out of 100 might get the rest.

In this case, you have to go big or go home. You have to embrace volatility. And you need a team that’s potentially going to score more points than any other team. In this case, you’d much rather have the team with the 30% chance of scoring 180 points.

You can find more details about becoming a fantasy sports winner on this section of this website.

Gambling : Bet on Sports

In the book How to Make $100,000 a Year Gambling, the authors suggest that a talented sports bettor can make more profit than any other kind of gambler. Of course, if you want to win on this side of the equation, you have to be able to win often enough to beat the vig. This means winning at least 52% or so of your bets—just to break even. Every percentage point you can increase your winning percentage by results in a higher ROI for you.

Let’s look at the math behind that for a minute:

100 sports bets in a row, and you win 55% of them, betting $110 on every game. You win 55 X $100, or $5500. You lose 45 X $110, or $4950. Your profit is $5500 – $4950, or $550.Most sports bettors measure their performance based on ROI (return on investment). You calculate that by dividing your winnings (or losses—you can have a negative ROI) by the amount of money you wagered.

In this case, with a 55% winning percentage, you profited $550 on an $11,000 investment. That’s a 5.5% ROI, which sounds small, but it’s actually not bad at all. Many people are happy to see that kind of return on an annual basis. In fact, you’re lucky to find a savings account that pays 1% per year these days.

One way to think of this ROI is as interest on your money. When you’re talking about interest, you can think about compound interest, which means that you’re making money based on the new total.

Here’s how that works:

You bet that $11,000 over the course of a month. Next month, you have $11,550 to bet, so now you bet $115.50 per game. Now you’re winning slightly more on your bets. (You don’t have to bet in multiples of $110, even though that’s what the ratio of your winnings is based on.) This month, you lose $5197.50. You win $5775. Your profit this month is $577.50.

The rule of 72 says that you can divide the interest rate you’re earning into 72 to find out how long it will take you to double your money. If you’re earning 5.5% on your money, you’ll double your money every 13.1 periods. So in a little over a year, your bankroll will increase to $22,000.

Now that you have a bankroll that’s twice the size of the previous year, your earnings will double, too. Now you’re profiting $1100 a month instead of $550.

And obviously, if you’re starting with a larger bankroll, you can see greater monthly earnings. Let’s say you’re able to put $110,000 into action every month instead of $11,000. You’re earning $5000 a month, which is enough to live on. And in a year, you can double that to $10,000 a month, which is a decent living by most standards.

But how do you get good enough to achieve a 55% win rate. After all, the handicappers who work for the sports books are experts. Their lines are going to be as close to accurate as you can imagine.

You can look for patterns to exploit, but these patterns don’t last forever. Think of sports betting as a marketplace. As the marketplace matures, it becomes more efficient. This means that yesterday’s betting systems won’t work today.

One tactic that seems to work well over time is called “fading the public”, or betting against the public.

How does this work?

You watch for changes in the line. When the line changes, it indicates that the general public is betting heavily in one direction. The sports books change the lines in order to stimulate action on the other side of the event. If the original line was correct, and it usually is, betting against the public is a positive EV move.

It’s always a good idea to bet against the general public, because the general public doesn’t really know what it’s doing it. So if the line is improving on one side, bet with where the line is improving.

Here’s an example:

The Cowboys are playing the Redskins, and the Cowboys are the favorites by 7 points. The bookmakers wind up with 70% of their action on the Cowboys and 30% of their action on the Redskins. They want to get more money on the Redskins.

So the bookmakers make the Cowboys a 7.5 point favorite instead. That movement of the line is a clue that you should bet on the Redskins. Often the line will have to move several times in order to get the money even on both sides. The sharps I know bet more every time the line moves. (A “sharp” is a knowledgeable sports bettor who wins more often than he loses.)

Fading the public is just one way of getting an edge in sports betting. Following the news more closely than your competitors is another way of getting an edge. If you can find out information that might affect the outcome of a game sooner than the general public, you can get an edge that way, too. The point spreads will adjust based on the new information, but you’ll have made your bet before that happened, giving you an edge.


Making a living as a gambler isn’t the easiest thing to do. It’s not nearly as glamorous or as exciting as you might think, either. But it is something you can pull off, especially if you’re willing to work hard for it.

The first steps you need to take are learning the math behind gambling and probability. Follow that up with developing the self-discipline to set and achieve your financial goals. Without those 2 factors in place, you won’t be able to succeed as a professional gambler.

Then you need to decide which approach to gambling for a living that you want to take. You’re not limited to the 10 suggestions on this page, either. You might be able to figure out other ways to get an edge. In fact, the only way you can make a profit in the long run is to figure out how to get a consistent mathematical edge. Once you’ve done that, it’s just a matter of being disciplined in your approach.온라인카지노