For more than four years, Chinese President Xi Jinping has made speeches and toured across China to send an important message: China must rely on key technologies imported from abroad. At the meeting in 2020, Xi asked researchers to work on advances in “chokepoint” or “takeover” technology. These are important areas of technology that China cannot easily produce in the domestic market. They are often referred to, especially in Chinese government media, as “controlled third parties”. After imposing export controls on Chinese rival companies like Huawei and global sanctions against Russia after it invaded Ukraine, Chinese leaders are worried. China may be cut off from other imports. Chokepoint technology makes China weak.
At the time of Xi’s speech in 2020, the government is in the process of examining various Chinese laboratories, institutions, companies and enterprises to evaluate the operators who will help the country navigate this environment. Five years ago, the Chinese government decided to consolidate a group of laboratories and engineering centers that help companies develop new products based on research carried out in various research institutes, often universities. These institutions, called National Engineering Research Centers or NERCs, have now been reorganized to meet the challenge of technological autonomy.
At the beginning of this year, the Chinese government announced a new list of 191 NERC selected and 131 national-level engineering institutes and 217 national-level engineering laboratories. Almost half did not make it. One center that made the new list is the National Engineering Research Center for Electronic Design Automation.
The center is not as well known as the company to which it is attached. Empyrean Technology has recently emerged to challenge foreign, especially American, world leaders in the software required to design computer chips. The company is a Chinese state-backed company and has received federal funding to turn new technologies into commercial products. If things go according to Empyrean’s plan, by 2025 it will have foreign manufacturers “completely replaced” and by 2030 it will be with Cadence and Synopsys as the world market leader. Whether he achieved these goals is another story. This company and its company work in accordance with the area identified in other areas such as bones.
In an article published by the Center for Security and Emerging Technology, Ben Murphy synthesizes 35 original articles published by China’s State Science and Technology Daily in 2018 that specifically identify the tent of technology as a technology endpoint. strangulation. The heads of Chinese research institutes, Chinese innovation experts and Chinese industrialists often refer to these 35 technologies to explain how to conduct their work. Casino How is Technology Changing the Casino Experience?
Companies like those at Empyrean are now governed by an improved regulatory framework that focuses on disrupting supply chains and addressing “bottlenecks.” A new set of pilot guidelines for the NERC assessment asks central officials to submit 2,000 Chinese character essays explaining how their work contributes to the development of chokepoint technology.
Inspired by research institutions such as the Argonne National Lab in the United States and the Helmholtz Association in Germany, Chinese leaders published a plan in 2017 in which they described the need to establish three types of “national research institutions” ‘scientific innovations and technology’. This category is “scientific and technological research”; “technological innovation and the exchange of knowledge”; and the support system that creates the conditions for the success of the first two foundations.
NERC falls into the second category – exchange of achievements or technology transfer. It is expected that the national and state key laboratories will focus on the first sector. They should conduct research of a more important nature than “Focused on international boundaries” taking into account “national strategic objectives”. The National Science and Technology Resource Sharing Service Platform, for example, is carrying out work in the third category. This includes things like sharing data and storing experimental material. www.xyp7.com 카지노사이트
NERC was mandated to be “a bridge between industrial development and technological and scientific innovation”. The creation of NERC aims to “implement a development strategy focused on innovation, in the work of economic and human development, [and] supporting the research and development of basic technologies”. The Innovation-Driven Development Strategy is a flagship policy promulgated in 2016 aimed at strengthening Chinese industry through innovation. By evaluating engineering centers on their contribution to breaking “bottlenecks,” the Chinese government includes supply chain security as a feature of this broader industrial modernization effort. It is in places like the NERCs that one would expect to see the development of near-market technologies.
Earlier this year, Chinese state media reported that the National Engineering Research Center for Communication Software and Application-Specific Integrated Circuit Design had developed a domestic version of a RapidIO interconnect. Connectors or switches play an important role in data transmission in wireless and avionics applications. RapidIO is an open source architecture from the late 1990s whose development was led by non-Chinese companies such as Texas Instruments and Ericsson. This NERC crackdown is presented as a challenge to their leadership. Download online casinos.
In addition to supporting the development of civilian enterprises, NERC also participates in dual-use technologies. In his book Innovate to Dominate: The Rise of China’s Techno-Security State, Tai Ming Cheung identifies the NERC 11 (of the group before the reorganization in 2021-2022) as based on companies linked to China’s military industry.
Many of the new movies have been included. For example, NERC which developed the RapidIO model in China Electronics Technology Group Corporation No. 54 Institute. This school is on the list of US institutions. NERC’s work directly challenges the so-called addiction myth that continues to prevail in public debates. This myth says that most Western countries are dependent on China due to Chinese imports of essential manufacturing inputs and raw materials. However, China is well aware of its own resources, especially in some high-tech areas.
Most importantly, China’s leaders are restructuring parts of its innovation system to reduce dependence on it. Policymakers, especially in the United States, Europe and East Asia, should be aware that these larger efforts are systematically ongoing and examining their reliance on China and China’s reliance on them.