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Posts tagged as “China”

How Do Chinese Lawmakers Fight Obesity?

When Chinese health researchers first noticed the country’s growing waistline, they wanted to investigate further. In 1982, China’s Ministry of Health decided to conduct a large-scale study of the country’s diet to identify areas of malnutrition and understand the best areas to focus on food resources. But during their research, they found that the number of obese people in China was about 7 percent of the population (in contrast, in 1980, it was said that 26% of American adults were obese you are my). About ten years later, a study conducted in 1992 suggested that 15% of Chinese people are obese and about 30 million are obese in hospitals.

In other words, China’s population has doubled in ten years. Overweight and obesity are now an addition to China’s increasingly long health care plan. In 1990, the government launched the first campaign against smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and carefully considered the negative – always political – impact of pollution on the health of the country. As China becomes more prosperous, there has been a so-called “economic vulnerability” – an increasing awareness of depression as well as Alzheimer’s disease and other conditions related to longevity. Obesity has entered this group as decades of food shortages have returned to normal.

TV shows and radio shows discuss the negative effects of obesity on everything from marriage prospects to student test results to getting a job. “Fat camps” for children, fake diet pills, the widespread acceptance of liposuction, the explosion of gyms, and all kinds of quack diets are the subject of tabloid debate and speculation. Obesity in the image is not seen as a sensitive topic by media analysts and therefore the tabloid media has used to discuss obesity with a vengeance.

In the West, there has been a tendency to compare the “obesity disease” with the same evil found in food – the suspect if you want – trans fat, junk food and carbonated drinks. But, in China, it was the change in combination with the national cuisine that made the difference.

The truth is, especially for the urban population of China, food has changed a lot and seems to be constant in terms of volume and variety. Access to food has increased dramatically – supermarkets, hypermarkets, convenience stores. At the same time, the variety of foods has expanded, although many of the prepackaged foods are high in fat, salt, and sugar (HFSS). For example, the total value of processed foods and beverages with high HFSS food products has more than doubled that of fresh fruit and vegetable sales over the past 15 years. The diet has changed and the malnutrition of urban areas has now stopped, but not necessarily for the better.

Read: Your Appearance Affect the Way People Treat You

As new data has revealed China’s waistline is growing, the policy of targeting the poor and those who don’t eat enough food has also become a quest to understand why some people are putting their health at risk by eating limit. “From starvation to overeating in one generation,” a nutritionist from Guangzhou told me. Another person described it as an “economic advantage” in the new China and that, as more people own cars, the number of accidents has increased, the greater availability, accessibility and ability of food see some the Chinese are overdoing it and being overweight to the point of damaging their health. . In 2012, China’s Ministry of Health estimated that fewer than 300 million Chinese people were overweight out of 1.2 billion. This total makes China the second largest country after the United States in terms of population.

The increase in obesity rates is turning into a major health policy problem. A recent study on obesity and diabetes to date showed that the number of diabetes and diabetes is almost 10% and 16%, respectively, in across China, accounting for 92.4 million adults. have diabetes and 148.2 million adults have diabetes. Underdiagnosis is a major concern for health policy makers in China. It is believed that diabetes, both types 1 and 2, is underdiagnosed, since according to the Ministry of Health, only 30.2% of Chinese people have high blood pressure as a medical condition (and many people, that seems like a high estimate). As a result of research, China may have many diabetics, who do not know their condition or cannot get treatment. Their number can be increased from 1.5 to 2 million new patients per year.

Chinese health care providers are more aware of obesity and related health problems than they were just five years ago, said Ji Chengye of the Child and Adolescent Association of China Preventive Medicine. “China has entered. an era of obesity”. It is now the subject of many studies, media reviews and much awareness. For the most part, the government says unemployment and sedentary lifestyles are the main causes of the problem. Tian Ye, director of the scientific institute of the China Institute of Sports Science, said that the problem of weight gain and physical decline may be due to the lack of sports activities among young people, but funds have been received for participation programs. in many people.

Read: What You Must Know About Vitamin C Deficiency

In all areas – from exercise to nutrition – specific funding for obesity awareness programs remains low to non-existent. In China’s strict central planning system of limited budgets, awareness of problems can grow, but money and new methods are very slow to emerge, due to the five-year planning process. In 2009, as part of China’s $586bn (£384bn) fiscal stimulus package, the central government released billions for the health system, both in rural and urban areas.

However, none of these advances obesity prevention. Although the number of researchers in the field has increased, work at the ground level is still low. According to the China Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene in Beijing, the country has more than 10,000 nutritionists nationwide, but there is a need for at least four million , according to international standards. Caterer for 300 people.

China still has obesity laws. In 2007, when new obesity rates hit the headlines, some initiatives were put in place – the federal government mandated the construction of more playgrounds and passed laws requiring students to exercise or play sports. an hour a day at school. Although many playgrounds have been built, they are often poorly thought out and do not support more active sports, while many schools ignore the rules for physical activity (usually because of criticism from mothers and father of time lost outside of the university) or converting them by using time. Online Casino Games and Guide in Europe.

Similarly, the government’s policy to establish a workplace schedule was dismissed by employers as inappropriate when workers had clients to deal with. At the same time, the Chinese Nutrition Society launched a campaign – Eat Smart in Schools – which aims to develop healthy eating habits in schools. This focus on school meals follows research in Hong Kong, where it was found that lunch foods such as fried rice and noodles are high in fat, cholesterol and sodium. In 2006, Hong Kong launched a campaign called [email protected] to promote healthy eating nationwide. The campaign included the launch of a new school meal plan for primary school pupils to help caterers provide 300,000 pupils with appropriate meals in some 600 primary schools on a regular basis. China followed suit, although only schools in urban areas could afford the new lunch.

According to a 2012 study by the Children’s Hospital of Shanghai Fudan University, the number of Chinese children under the age of 14 with diabetes is increasing rapidly and has nearly tripled in the past 25 years. reported a significant increase in the onset of diabetes in young adults. MODY). MODY increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, which causes the exhaustion of insulin-producing cells associated with the aging process, in young and old people. In addition to the increase in type 2 diabetes in young people, it also means that many heart diseases, strokes and kidney failure – problems caused by diabetes – will develop in teenagers and young adults. Simply put, what used to be a chronic disease in mid-life in China is now a pediatric problem in children under the age of ten. All of these factors will have a significant impact on China’s healthcare budget in the future. Dried apricots on the market in Uzbekistan. Event Sponsorship

Estimates of change – compared to US and UK prices for an obese patient in China, and prices shown to reflect lower treatment costs – the annual cost increase for China has set the obesity and overweight population at 155 billion dollars. In the next decade, China’s health planner will dig deep to tackle obesity.

China Requested Vaccine Technology Disclosure, but Moderna Declined

Oct 1 (Reuters) – Moderna Inc ( MRNA.O ) has refused to hand over intellectual property in the development of its COVID-19 drug to China, leading to a breakdown in talks to sell it there, the report said. . Saturday, citing people familiar with the matter.

The Cambridge, Mass.-based pharmaceutical company has rejected China’s request to hand over instructions for its anti-mRNA drug due to commercial and safety concerns, the newspaper said, citing people involved in the talks. was made between 2020 and 2021, adding that the vaccine maker is still keen to sell the product to China. The company “abandoned” its first attempt to enter the Chinese market due to China’s desire to hand over technology to it as a basis for sales in the country, according to the report.

Moderna did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment. 카지노사이트

China has not approved any foreign COVID-19 vaccines and relies on several domestically developed shots.

In September, Moderna Chief Medical Officer Paul Burton had said the company was keen to collaborate with China on supplying its mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines to the country.

“We would be very interested in working with China if they feel there is a need for vaccines there,” Burton said at a press conference for journalists in Asia. “Right now there’s no work going on, but we’re going to open it up a lot.”

Vietnam reports the first case of monkeys – state media

A Chinese official warned against touching strangers after the trial

A Chinese health official has warned residents not to touch people they used to know, a day after China recorded its first outbreak of monkeypox. In a post on Weibo, China’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) epidemiologist Wu Zunyou advised against “skin-to-skin contact with strangers.”

The message sparked controversy, with some calling it racist. Do not respond to the original notification from the platform.

“To prevent possible infections and as part of our healthy lifestyle, it is recommended to 1) not have skin-to-skin contact with strangers,” Wu wrote on his page on Saturday. Weibo. In addition, he called on residents to avoid skin-to-skin contact with recent travelers who have returned from abroad in the past three weeks as well as foreigners.

He posted the comments a day after the southwestern city of Chongqing reported its first case of sunstroke in a foreigner. It is not known whether he is a Chinese citizen or a foreigner. 5 Reasons Why People Love Online Casinos

The news, which was widely shared on social media over the weekend, drew critical comments on Weibo. “It is inappropriate [to say]. At the beginning of this epidemic, some foreigners stood up and [defended us] saying that Chinese people are not infected,” one netizen wrote. “How racist is it? What about people, like me, who lived in China for almost ten years? We haven’t seen our family for 3-4 years because of the border closure,” wrote another Weibo user, who looked like a foreigner.

China has imposed some of the toughest Covid measures in the world since the start of the pandemic, including rapid lockdowns, border closures, mandatory testing and travel restrictions. What is monkey pox and how is it caught?
WHO announced the highest level of meat pen
The monkeypox virus, which is caused by close contact with infected people, animals or contaminated equipment, usually causes symptoms such as fever, headache and nausea. About 90 countries where monkey pox is not thought to be contagious have declared an outbreak of the virus, which the World Health Organization has declared a global health emergency.

There have been more than 60,000 confirmed cases and some disease-free countries have reported their first affected deaths.

As China Plans to Move Away From “Catch-up” Technology

For more than four years, Chinese President Xi Jinping has made speeches and toured across China to send an important message: China must rely on key technologies imported from abroad. At the meeting in 2020, Xi asked researchers to work on advances in “chokepoint” or “takeover” technology. These are important areas of technology that China cannot easily produce in the domestic market. They are often referred to, especially in Chinese government media, as “controlled third parties”. After imposing export controls on Chinese rival companies like Huawei and global sanctions against Russia after it invaded Ukraine, Chinese leaders are worried. China may be cut off from other imports. Chokepoint technology makes China weak.

At the time of Xi’s speech in 2020, the government is in the process of examining various Chinese laboratories, institutions, companies and enterprises to evaluate the operators who will help the country navigate this environment. Five years ago, the Chinese government decided to consolidate a group of laboratories and engineering centers that help companies develop new products based on research carried out in various research institutes, often universities. These institutions, called National Engineering Research Centers or NERCs, have now been reorganized to meet the challenge of technological autonomy.

At the beginning of this year, the Chinese government announced a new list of 191 NERC selected and 131 national-level engineering institutes and 217 national-level engineering laboratories. Almost half did not make it. One center that made the new list is the National Engineering Research Center for Electronic Design Automation.

The center is not as well known as the company to which it is attached. Empyrean Technology has recently emerged to challenge foreign, especially American, world leaders in the software required to design computer chips. The company is a Chinese state-backed company and has received federal funding to turn new technologies into commercial products. If things go according to Empyrean’s plan, by 2025 it will have foreign manufacturers “completely replaced” and by 2030 it will be with Cadence and Synopsys as the world market leader. Whether he achieved these goals is another story. This company and its company work in accordance with the area identified in other areas such as bones.

In an article published by the Center for Security and Emerging Technology, Ben Murphy synthesizes 35 original articles published by China’s State Science and Technology Daily in 2018 that specifically identify the tent of technology as a technology endpoint. strangulation. The heads of Chinese research institutes, Chinese innovation experts and Chinese industrialists often refer to these 35 technologies to explain how to conduct their work. Casino How is Technology Changing the Casino Experience?

Companies like those at Empyrean are now governed by an improved regulatory framework that focuses on disrupting supply chains and addressing “bottlenecks.” A new set of pilot guidelines for the NERC assessment asks central officials to submit 2,000 Chinese character essays explaining how their work contributes to the development of chokepoint technology.

Inspired by research institutions such as the Argonne National Lab in the United States and the Helmholtz Association in Germany, Chinese leaders published a plan in 2017 in which they described the need to establish three types of “national research institutions” ‘scientific innovations and technology’. This category is “scientific and technological research”; “technological innovation and the exchange of knowledge”; and the support system that creates the conditions for the success of the first two foundations.

NERC falls into the second category – exchange of achievements or technology transfer. It is expected that the national and state key laboratories will focus on the first sector. They should conduct research of a more important nature than “Focused on international boundaries” taking into account “national strategic objectives”. The National Science and Technology Resource Sharing Service Platform, for example, is carrying out work in the third category. This includes things like sharing data and storing experimental material. 카지노사이트

NERC was mandated to be “a bridge between industrial development and technological and scientific innovation”. The creation of NERC aims to “implement a development strategy focused on innovation, in the work of economic and human development, [and] supporting the research and development of basic technologies”. The Innovation-Driven Development Strategy is a flagship policy promulgated in 2016 aimed at strengthening Chinese industry through innovation. By evaluating engineering centers on their contribution to breaking “bottlenecks,” the Chinese government includes supply chain security as a feature of this broader industrial modernization effort. It is in places like the NERCs that one would expect to see the development of near-market technologies.

Earlier this year, Chinese state media reported that the National Engineering Research Center for Communication Software and Application-Specific Integrated Circuit Design had developed a domestic version of a RapidIO interconnect. Connectors or switches play an important role in data transmission in wireless and avionics applications. RapidIO is an open source architecture from the late 1990s whose development was led by non-Chinese companies such as Texas Instruments and Ericsson. This NERC crackdown is presented as a challenge to their leadership. Download online casinos.

In addition to supporting the development of civilian enterprises, NERC also participates in dual-use technologies. In his book Innovate to Dominate: The Rise of China’s Techno-Security State, Tai Ming Cheung identifies the NERC 11 (of the group before the reorganization in 2021-2022) as based on companies linked to China’s military industry.

Many of the new movies have been included. For example, NERC which developed the RapidIO model in China Electronics Technology Group Corporation No. 54 Institute. This school is on the list of US institutions. NERC’s work directly challenges the so-called addiction myth that continues to prevail in public debates. This myth says that most Western countries are dependent on China due to Chinese imports of essential manufacturing inputs and raw materials. However, China is well aware of its own resources, especially in some high-tech areas.

Most importantly, China’s leaders are restructuring parts of its innovation system to reduce dependence on it. Policymakers, especially in the United States, Europe and East Asia, should be aware that these larger efforts are systematically ongoing and examining their reliance on China and China’s reliance on them.